In minimally invasive heart surgery, heart (cardiac) surgeons perform heart surgery through small incisions in the right side of your chest, as an alternative to open heart surgery. Surgeons operate between the ribs and don't split the breastbone (sternotomy), which results in less pain and a quicker recovery for most people. In minimally invasive surgery, your heart surgeon has a better view of some parts of your heart than in open heart surgery. As in open surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery requires stopping your heart temporarily and diverting blood flow from your heart using a heart-lung machine.
Surgeons perform many minimally invasive heart surgeries, including:
Your doctor will work with you to determine whether minimally invasive heart surgery is an option. If you've had prior heart surgery or heart disease, you generally aren't a candidate for minimally invasive heart surgery. Your doctor also may perform tests and review your medical history to determine whether you're a candidate for minimally invasive heart surgery. Mayo Clinic offers robot-assisted surgery or thoracoscopic minimally invasive heart surgery.
Minimally invasive heart surgery isn't an option for everyone, but it offers many advantages in those for whom it's appropriate.
Advantages may include:
In people for whom minimally invasive heart surgery is appropriate, risks and complications are rare. You may experience these complications, which also may occur in other surgeries:
Mayo Clinic heart surgeons work with an experienced surgical team to perform minimally invasive heart surgery, including robot-assisted heart surgery and thoracoscopic heart surgery. In both types of procedures, surgeons reach your heart through small incisions between the ribs of your chest.
June 06, 2015